Climate protection and energy concepts
Global emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise; it is up to businesses and society to set the course for a permanent reduction in emissions. For this purpose, environmental quality and action objectives have been identified so as to specify subsequently the measures and instruments with which to achieve these objectives in Germany. Apart from renewable sources of energy, improving energy efficiency and obtaining greater energy savings play a special role.
A sustainable reduction in the emission of greenhouse gases also involves controlling spatial development. Density, mix and decentralised concentration are key principles of a spatial structure that helps to avoid CO2 emissions. Thus, urban development and regional planning can make important contributions to climate protection. This is especially true of efforts in these areas to ensure and improve urban and settlement structures that reduce CO2 emissions. Using the control instruments of urban development and regional planning, it is possible to create a corresponding framework for desired and/or undesired developments. The possibilities range from higher-density construction to regional climate compacts.
Supplementing urban-based climate protection, urban and regional energy concepts are used to attempt to link expert planning in the area of "energy" with the spatial level (city and region). The concepts contain information, for example, on consumption structures, emissions, savings potentials, and also specify relevant bundles of measures. They are to lower energy input and thus bring about cost savings, improve the utilisation of resources and strengthen the local and regional economies.
The BBSR in the past conducted exemplary baseline studies on the interaction between settlement structure and energy supply systems as well as on a variety of energy concepts for region types differentiated by settlement structure.