Urban development in Germany
Cities in Germany are marked by varied developments and therefore have many different faces: as modern service provider centres, seats of industry, preferred residential cities and as cities attractive to tourists. Cities have their individual history, their unchangeable topography and unmistakable character. Cities are market places and meeting places, architectural expressions of tradition and starting points for technological and social innovation at the same time. They develop their image and compete for investors, inhabitants and funds. They are equally living, working and trading centres, places of education and culture. Urban development is a dynamic process as an expression of competing social and individual interests. The urban level is the stage of these opposites and balancing efforts. This is expressed in community urban development concepts and - if it involves spatial use - in the preparatory land-use plan.
The Federal Government has a special interest in the sustainable development of our city regions, cities and communities. This is documented in the legal framework and in the assistance programmes in Germany. It is also shown in the institutional assignments of tasks of the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR). The BBSR observes the development of cities and communities. The institute gains policy-relevant results through scientific examinations, empirical studies and assisted demonstration projects (>> ExWoSt). They are discussed in expert talks, events open to specialists and publicised through publications of the BBSR. The scientific policy advising is carried out in an ongoing dialogue with practitioners and scientists under the viewpoint of the federal competence for a sustainable urban development policy.