Regionally significant funds
Regionally significant funds in the narrower sense refers to public expenditure to finance measures and plans which serve the improvement of the infrastructure and the regional economic structure. The federal expenditure is in the foreground of this financing.
The tasks of the Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR) in the context of Regionally Significant Funds result from paragraphs 3 and 21 of the Federal Regional Planning Act:
- In accordance with § 3, sentence 6, regionally significant planning and measures are "planning, including spatial planning, projects and other measures, through which space is used or the spatial development or function of an area is influenced, including the public financial means provided for this purpose".
- The Federal Institute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development (BBSR) has to report on the "spatial distribution of regionally significant planning and measures of the Federal Government and the European Union in the federal area" in accordance with § 21, point 3 in the framework of the spatial planning reports. This also includes the connected financial means.
The more precise and extensive the regionalisation of the financial means is carried out, the more easily the economic and financial policy tools in the sense of "Coordination through information" can be tailored to the specific requirements of the regions on the basis of the results obtained. The BBSR has therefore recorded data on important regionally significant support policies and measures (predominantly from the Federal Government) since the beginning of the 1990’s. This allows evaluations on the regional distribution of regionally significant means on Federal State level and partly also on district level.