The Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning

Publication Tenancy law and energy renovation in European comparison

Editor: BBSR Series: BBSR-Online-Publikation Issue: 14/2016 Published: February 2017 ISSN: 1868-0097 URN: urn:nbn:de:101:1-201703014635


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With a view to furthering climate protection and a sustainable reform of energy supply, the European Union has committed itself to ambitious objectives in energy policy. Directive 2012/27/EU, which had to be implemented into national law by June 2014, specifically aims at increasing energy efficiency in the existing building stock. Indeed, a huge potential for energy savings may be supposed to exist in this sector. Rental dwellings therefore play a significant role in this context.

In a comparative approach covering 14 countries, an interdisciplinary research team analysed the impact of EU legislation with a special focus on energy efficiency. The results of this research show that countries which provide the best preconditions for the adequate implementation of energy efficiency measures are those with differentiated rental markets, with strong associations and interest representation, a high share of non-profit landlords, as well as specific and effective legal provisions to enable the allocation of the costs of energy refurbishment measures on tenants.

Project management
Rolf Müller, BBSR ( )

Edited by
TenlawUrbanRegion, Bremen,
RegioKontext GmbH, Berlin

Christoph Schmid, Arnt von Bodelschwingh, Thomas Knorr-Siedow,
Raimund Hofmann, Tobias Pinkel, Simon Wieland, Olaf Keßler, Clemens Jänicke


Executive Summary

  1. Introduction to the research project
    1.1 Introduction
    1.2 Methodology and Sources
    1.3 Structure of the research report
  2. Country Profiles
    2.1 Denmark country profile
    2.2 Germany country profile
    2.3 England country profile
    2.4 Estonia country profile
    2.5 Finland country profile
    2.6 France country profile
    2.7 Italy country profile
    2.8 Latvia country profile
    2.9 Netherlands country profile
    2.10 Austria country profile
    2.11 Poland country profile
    2.12 Scotland country profile
    2.13 Sweden country profile
    2.14 Switzerland country profile
  3. Impact of EU legislation on tenancy law
    3.1 Direct impact of EU law on tenancy law with regard to the energy efficiency of rented property
    3.2 Indirect impact of EU law on tenancy law with regard to the energy efficiency of rented property
    3.3 Interim results
  4. Comparison of the provisions of national tenancy law relevant to energy renovation
    4.1 General provisions of tenancy law
    4.2 Allocation of ancillary costs and utilities
    4.3 Special tenancy law provisions for energy efficiency
  5. Classification and path development in the countries under review
    5.1 Welfare regimes and trends
    5.2 Methodology of Classification
    5.3 Classification
    5.4 Summarizing classification and interim results
  6. Conclusion
  7. Bibliography

This publication has been also released in German:
>> BBSR-Online-Publikation 13/2016

The publication comprises the outcomes of the following project of the research programme "General Departmental Research":
>> Tenancy law and energy refurbishment of rental dwellings in a European comparison

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