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The conceptual approach involves a systematic comparison of policy goals and instruments as well as their underlying conditions. It is based on a qualitative survey addressed at country-specific experts. The questionnaire will include closed questions e.g. regarding the existence of specific regulations as well as open questions e.g. to describe the functions of financial instruments. It is supplemented with an analysis of secondary statistical data on housing markets to flank the responses of country experts.
The research concept also includes in-depth studies on "Strategies for dealing with the impact of the economic and financial crisis", "Analysis of the competitive conditions between the tenures owner-occupation and rental housing" and "EU activities related to the housing market". For this purpose, case studies will be conducted for selected countries with the help of guided expert interviews in order to deal with specific problems and their causes. The country selection for the case studies relies on different country groupings produced in relation to the respective topics and the previously developed structural characteristics and adaptation dynamics.
Finally, a Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) will be conducted to identify causal conditions for belonging to the previously formed groups. For example, based on theoretical expectations, varying political and institutional configurations are examined in terms of their explanatory power regarding group memberships.
The overall approach can be broken down in three separate tasks:
These tasks will be supported by three international workshops where the respective results will be discussed. Additionally, the project is accompanied by an international advisory board consisting of researchers from across Europe with longstanding experience and expert knowledge in housing research.